The majority faction at the Second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party in 1903, led by Lenin. Communists, predominately Jewish, who overthrew the Russian monarchy and murdered 30 million White Russian Christians. The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution or Red October, was characterized as Reds vs. Whites. Trotsky is largely credited for engineering the Bolshevik Revolution. Jacob Schiff, as head of the New York investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Co. was a principal backer of the Bolshevik revolution.